- Coastal Range & Mediterranean Forest


To the west of the Central Valley rises a mountain range separating this valley from the coast. This is the Coastal Range, with some peaks reaching 2000 mts. (6500 ft.) and higher. These mountains are covered by a dense perennial, Mediterranean type forest dominated by sclerophytic tree species such as Boldo (Peumus boldus), Peumo (Cryptocaria alba), Litre (Lithraea caustica), Quillay (Quillaja saponaria) and others, home to a wide variety of animals, including many forest-dwelling birds. As altitude decreases, we find a landscape formed mainly by shrubby steppe or Espinal, in which the thorny Espino (Acacia caven) is the dominant plant. This and other shrub and grass species support a dynamic food chain, giving shelter and life to a rich community of insects, reptiles, small mammals and birds, which in time are preyed upon by several birds of prey and carnivorous mammals. The birds here are a typical sample of Southern South American families, and it is here that most Chilean endemics are found.

Info about the trip:

We will go into the heart of the Coastal Mountain Range. We will be between some hills of more than 2000m. of height (6500 ft.) and we will try to search and see endemic birds like: Chilean Tinamou, Chilean Mockingbird, Moustached Turca, White-throated Tapaculo and Dusky-tailed Canastero. We are also going to visit La Campana National Park (Ocoa area), which was declared a Biosphere Reservation by UNESCO. This park has a varied native flora composed by the Mediterranean Forest. It has a great number of birds that interact there, some of which are: Variable Hawk, Black-chested Buzzard Eagle, American Kestrel, Harris’s Hawk, Chimango Caracara, California Quail, Chilean Flicker, Striped Woodpecker, Green-backed Firecrown, Patagonian Sierra-Finch, Grassland Yellow-Finch, Rufous-collared Sparrow, Long-tailed Meadowlark, Southern House Wren, Rufous-tailed Plantcutter, Plain-mantled Tit-Spinetail, Tufted Tit-Tyrant, Fire-eyed Diucon, Thorn-tailed Rayadito, Austral Blackbird and Common Diuca-Finch, among others.

Tour highlights

  • Price: From US$100 up to US$380 per person. Including: English-speaking Ornithologist and Birding Guide, lunch-box, private transportation and entrance fees to national parks.

    Duration: 8 to 10 hours.

    Meet and depart: Santiago or Valparaiso/Viña del Mar.

    Dates: All year.